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Bun Pi Mai - New Year in Laos

April 14-16


Figures in Bun Pi Mai parade

Figures in Bun Pi Mai parade

Image © Getty Images

Bun Pi Mai, the start of the New Year in Laos, is a splashy good time for visitors, although a decidedly more gentle ordeal than its same-day counterpart in Thailand (Songkran).

The Lao New Year takes place in the middle of the hot summer season, in April. The new year celebrations last three days. During the New Year, the Lao believe that the old spirit of Songkran leaves this plane, making way for a new one.

The first day, known as Maha Songkran, is considered the last day of the old year. Lao will clean their houses and villages on this day, and prepare water, perfume, and flowers for the days ahead.

The second day, the "day of no day", is neither part of the old year nor of the new year.

The third day, known as Wan Thaloeng Sok is the official start of the Lao New Year.

Getting Soaked in Bun Pi Mai

During the New Year, water plays a big part in the festivities - Lao bathe Buddha images in their local temples, pouring jasmine-scented water and flower petals on the sculptures. The faithful will also build sand stupas and decorate these with flowers and string.

At each temple, monks will provide the water, as well as blessings for the devotees flocking to the temples and the white bai sri strings, which they will tie around devotees' wrists.

People also get soaked during Bun Pi Mai - people respectfully pour water on monks and elders, and less reverently on each other! Foreigners are not exempt from this treatment - if you're in Laos during Bun Pi Mai, do expect to be soaked by passing teenagers, who'll give you the wet treatment from buckets of water, hoses, or high-pressure water guns.

Bun Pi Mai in Luang Prabang

While Bun Pi Mai is celebrated throughout Laos, tourists should be at Vientiane or Luang Prabang to see the holiday at its most intense. In Vientiane, families make the rounds of the different temples to bathe the Buddha statues, especially the ones at Wat Phra Kaew, the city's oldest temple.

In Luang Prabang, the celebrations can stretch out to a full seven days, celebrated in different places around the city -

At Hat Muang Khoun by the Mekong River, locals build sand stupas to make merit, decorate them with flowers, and sprinkle river water on each other.

On Luang Prabang's main avenue, a costume parade is held on the feast's second day, proceeding from Wat Pha Mahathat to the main temple of Wat Xieng Thong.

And at Wat Mai, a standing statue of the Buddha known as the Pha Bang is installed after a procession from the Royal Palace Museum, and bathed under a temporary pavilion through sluice pipes carved into the shape of legendary water serpents.

Bun Pi Mai in Luang Prabang finally comes to an end when the Pha Bang is brought back to its museum home, where it will stay till the next New Year.

Other events in Luang Prabang include an annual Nangsoukhane beauty pageant, nightly parties with traditional Lao music and circle dancing, and parades throughout the city. In some of these parades, three outlandishly-dressed figures play leading roles. The two red-faced toothy heads are called Grandfather and Grandmother Nyeu, guardians of the environment and venerated by the people. The lion-headed figure is called Sing Kaew Sing Kham, and he may be an old-time King.

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